How to Recognize a Scam Artist

To help protect yourself from scam artists, watch out for these warning signs.

  • Scam Artists like to blend in: Whether your first contact is over the phone, by email or in person, scam artists take great pains to look and sound familiar. They want to become friends with you and gain your trust, so they will look for things you may have in common, such as family heritage or a shared interest, in order to show you that they’re just like you.

  • Scam Artists often push unknown or complicated investment products:  There are lots of different financial products to choose from and some are very complicated. It’s easy to get overwhelmed or confused when trying to pick the ones that are right for you.  Many people look to a financial advisor for guidance. Scam artists know this and will offer to take full responsibility for your decisions and your money. Don’t let them! Get all the facts and think things through for yourself. Then, if you decide you need some extra guidance, be sure you’re dealing with a registered professional.

  • Scam Artists dress for success: Even though scam artists want you to believe that they are “just like you” they’ll work very hard to come across as smooth, professional and successful. They may dress like they are wealthy or work out of impressive looking offices. Your best bet is to look beyond the surface and do some serious investigating before you part with your money.

  • Scam Artists play to your fears: Skilled scam artists can bring out our worst traits, including greed, fear, and insecurity. They may play on your fears of not being able to keep up with your friends financially, or not having enough money for things like your retirement or a child’s education. Con artists will try to make you feel inadequate or even stupid if you don’t believe them or ask too many questions.  If you’re feeling pressured or made to feel bad about asking questions, then you probably shouldn’t be working with this person.

  • Scam Artists focus on the positive: To hear a scam artist explain a deal, it probably sounds too good to be true. Trust your instinct and inner voice if you hear claims like these: “Your return is guaranteed. Or “There’s no way you can lose money.” Be especially careful if the salesperson downplays or denies any downsides or risk. Watch out if they hesitate to answer questions or if they won’t provide you with written information.

  • Scam Artists are fair-weather friends:  Before you hand over your money, scam artists are very friendly. They take a personal interest in you, out of the blue. They call back when they promise they will and each time you talk they tell you even more great things about the investment. But once you have invested your money, contacts with the scam artists slow down and eventually stops altogether. By then, the scam artist is long gone with your money.  And if you want to try and get your money out of the investment or account, they’ll have all kinds of excuses as to why you can’t yet.

  • Scam Artists pressure you to act fast: Never invest in anything based only on recommendations or testimonials from anyone, even if you’re friends with them! Don’t be blinded by the enthusiasm or charisma of a scam artist. A healthy dose of scepticism goes a long way.

Remember to report all suspicious activity.

Remember to
report all suspicious investment activity.


In this section:

Become a Master of Spotting Fraud (English)

كن خبرياً يف اكتشاف عمليات اإلحتيال

Become a Master of Spotting Fraud (Arabic)

Recognizing and avoiding a fraud or scam protects your own financial future, but it is critical that once you recognize a fraud or scam, you protect those more vulnerable by reporting the fraud attempt.

How to Spot a Scam Artist

Investing can be risky enough without worrying about whether a sales pitch is a scam or not! To help protect yourself from scam artists, watch out for these warning signs.

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